OUTLINE by Paul Nervy Copyright (c) 2006 by Paul Nervy Visit www.paulnervy.com. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Other Arts Theater Dance Architecture Gastronomy Fashion wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww THEATRE Contents Technology of theatre. Theaters Theater companies Playwrights Plays wwwwwwwwww Technology of theater The stage The curtain. Behind the curtain. In front of the curtain. Above the stage. The catwalk and rigging Under the stage. The sides of the stage. The wings. The lights Sets. Painted scenery sets. Furniture on sets. Props. Costumes and makeup The orchestra pit. The seats. The balcony. Box seats. Theater in the round Theater in the audience. When actors move into the audience. Theater in the park wwwwwwwwww Notable theaters Globe Theater. London, England. Shakespere's plays perfromed at globe. Abbey Theater. Dublin, Ireland. More theaters Helen Hayes theater Lunt Fontaine theater Orpheum theater. wwwwwwwwww Notable theater companies Provincetown Players National theater companies Community theater companies wwwwwwwwww Notable playwrights (See History database: literature, drama) Shakespeare Checkov Strindberg Bertold Brecht. Kurt Weil. Theater of Absurd. Edward Albee. Samuel Becket. Jean Genet. Eugene Ionesco. Harold Pinter. Thornton Wilder - Our Town More theater people Andrew Lloyd Rice Bob Fosse Noel Coward wwwwwwwwww Notable plays (see History database: literature) wwwwwwwwww Big Hits. Mass appeal. Cats Phantom of the Opera Lion King Beauty and the Beast Oklahoma 42nd Street Annie Gypsy South Pacific wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww DANCE Contents Dance and related subjects Choreographers Dancers Types of dancing Dance notation History of dance wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Dance and related subjects wwwwwwwwww Physics and dance. wwwwwwwwww Human physiology and dance. Movement Dancing on point, on toes. wwwwwwwwww Psychology and dance Dance and trance wwwwwwwwww Sociology and dance. Courting and dance. Dancing and hooking up. Class and dance. Dances of the court aristocracy. Commoner dances. wwwwwwwwww COREOGRAPHERS Ballet Sergey Diaghliev. Ballet Russes. Njinsky Modern dance Isadora Duncan Ruth Denis and Ted Shawn. Denishawn. Martha Graham George Balanchine Merce Cunningham Twyla Tharp Alvin Ailey Marc Jacobs Morpheus Theatre Choreographers Agnes DeMille. Oklahoma. Jerome Robbins. West Side Story. Bob Fosse. All That Jazz. Cheerleading influence on dance Paula Abdul wwwwwwwwww DANCERS Ballet Anna Pavlova Nureyev Baryshnikov Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers. Gene Kelly Nicholas brothers wwwwwwwwww TYPES OF DANCING Ballet Solo dancing. The Twist. 1950's. Sixties style free form dancing. The Mashed Potato. The Swim. 1960's. Break dancing and Hip Hop. 1980's. Macarena. 1990's. Pairs dancing Slow dancing, close dancing Waltz. 1880's. Swing Flamenco. Spanish. Ballroom dancing. Charleston. 1920's. Lindy. 1930's Jitterbug. 1940's. Disco. Hustle. 1970's. Lambada. 1980's. Group dancing Line dances Square dances. Grid dances. Circle dances. Water ballet. Busby Berkley. Air ballet. Free fall parchustists. Folk Dance African dance. Indian dance. India. American Indian dance. Hawaiian hula dancing Middle Eastern Belly dancing. Tap dancing Nicholas brothers Gregory Hines Savion Glover wwwwwwwwww Dance notation. Verbal names for moves. - for example, Jeff Daniels hosting SNL. Drawings of moves wwwwwwwwww History of dance Year. Place. Dance fad or craze. Who's dancing it. Specific dances associated with specific musical styles. Ballet Modern dance: Graham Waltz Charleston Lindy hop Disco Lambada Macarena Hip hop dance steps wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww ARCHITECTURE Contents Philosophy of architecture Science of architecture. Technology of architecture Computers and architecture Art of architecture Levels of design Interior design Building design Landscape design Community design Architectural drawing. Architectural criticism. Business of architecture. History of architecture Schools and movements. Famous architects Famous buildings wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Philosophy of architecture. What do people want out of a house? Comfort. Ease of use. Safety and security. Social. Welcoming. House "saying" something to others. Communication. Beauty. Aesthetics. Utility. Functional. What effects does a building have on a community? Private property. Public buildings. What do buildings "say". Semiotics of architecture. How to make a house a home? wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Science of architecture. Physics of architecture. Materials Wood. Stone. Metal. Plastic. How strong is it. How heavy is it. Statics Tension. Compression. Snow loads People and furnishings load. Dynamics. Wind loads Earthquake loads. How to build buildings that don't blow over in storms. How to build buildings that don't collapse under their own weight. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Technology of architecture. Technical developments. Materials and techniques wwwwwwwwww Fabric tents: teepees, wigwams, yurt, arab tent. Igloos Tree houses Hay bale construction Used tires packed with earth Huts Shacks. wwwwwwwwww Stone as a material Stone construction techniques. wwwwwwwwww Brick and mortar wwwwwwwwww Wood log cabin heavy timber light timber frame wwwwwwwwww Sod house wwwwwwwwww Metal Iron Steel Skeleton skyscraper Steel and glass Steel and cinder block Steel. Steel frame and glass skin houses. Example, Johnson House. wwwwwwwwww Concrete and cement Concrete bricks Cement as a binding Concrete. Steel reinforced concrete construction. wwwwwwwwww Glass wwwwwwwwww Mobile homes wwwwwwwwww Underground homes wwwwwwwwww Environmental building methods Building with old tires Building with hay bales. Solar power Wind power wwwwwwwwww House systems Heating and air conditioning Electricity. Lighting and electric power. Elevator and stairs. Structural support (frame) and skin. Sewage. wwwwwwwwww More architectural terms. Wall A wall separates space in the vertical plane. Walls can be load-bearing or non-load-bearing. Lintel. A lintel is a flat covering across two walls, or a flat roof across four walls. Arch. An arch is a semicircular curved lintel. Dome. A dome is a round arch, an arch rotated 360 degree. Vault. A vault is acontinuous arch. Ex. Barrel vault. Truss. A truss is a triangular roof. wwwwwwwwww Computers and architecture Computer aided design (CAD) Computer aided manufature (CAM) Computerized homes Digital thermostats - heat and cool Digital lighting control Digital home entertainment systems - music, movies Digital security systems wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Art of architecture Point. Line. Curve. Plane. Surface. Circle. Triangel. Square. Shape. Solid. Sphere. Pyramid. Cube. Space Mass Scale Light Color Texture wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Interior design Areas of the house. Home Infotainment. Information and entertainment. Library. Study. Home theater. Television and movies. Sound. Music. Internet and computer. Home gym. Treadmill Weights Kitchen. Stove, oven Refrigerator, freezer. Play areas for kids. Interior design terms. Sofa. Chair. Table. Drawers. Bed. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Building design Building design terms. Number of rooms. Number of bedrooms. Number of bathrooms. Bedrooms. Baths. Kitchen. Cellar. Basement. Attic. Closets. Cabinets. Porch. Vestibule. Balcony. Staircase. Living room. Dining room. Den. Garage. Separate garage. Fireplace. wwwwwwwwww House size. Square feet of the house. How high are the ceilings. High ceilings are good. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Landscape design Landscape design terms Directions. Description of the property in terms of north, south, east and west. Sunlight. Description of the property in terms of where the sun rises and sets. Elevation. Description of the property in terms of altitude. Highest point on property. Lowest point on property. Slope lines. Topographic description of the landscape. Site. Where to put the house on the property. Which way to face the house. Geologic Geologic description of the landscape. Rock, sand, soil. Property size. Square feet of property. Acreage. Sight lines. What are the 360 degree views from any and every point on the property. Drainage. How water flows on the landscape. For example, after heavy rain. Erosion patterns. Wind How wind flows through the property. Neighbors. Three views of landscaping. Landscaping as planting. Landscaping as terra forming or moving earth. Landscaping as building. Intrinsic view. Consider the property itself. Extrinsic view. Consider the property in relation to the property that surrounds it. What to do with the land? Leave it in its natural state. Plant grass and mow the lawn. Grow food on the land. Plant gardens. Put up some sculpture on the land. Gardens Tree and shrub gardens. Flower gardens Vegatable gardens. Rock gardens. For example, Japanese Zen rock gardens. Water or wetland gardens. Sculpture gardens. Natural gardens. For example, Central Park in New York City. Geometric gardens. A more artifical, man made, approach to landscaping. Native plants. Exotic plants. Transplanting exotic species risks destroying the ecosystem. For example, kudzu vine in the Southern United States. Parks Evergreens will create a windbreak. Hedges will afford more privacy. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Community design wwwwwwwwww Types of communities Urban cities Suburbs Rural small towns wwwwwwwwww Community buildings Town hall. Courthouse Police department Fire department Library Post office wwwwwwwwww Community systems Transportation: Roads. Rails. Airports. Communication: Post office Electric power: lighting, heating. Natural gas lines. Water: fresh and waste. Sewage system. Solid waste. Sanitation department. Garbage. Police and judicial system. Fire department. Medical system. Hospitals. Parks, recreation, wilderness areas. wwwwwwwwww Zones Residential. Housing. Office space. Commercial. Retail. Malls. Industrial. Factories. Agricultural. Farms. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Architectural drawings Facade. Two dimensions. Elevation. Perspective. Exterior drawings. Interior drawings. Three dimensional models. Three dimensional models on computers. CAD. Lighting. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Architectural criticism Jane Jacobs Ada Louise Huxtable Vincent Scully Herbert Muschamp wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Business of architecture. Architectural design. Real estate. Construction. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE (see history database). wwwwwwwwww Egypt Pyramids Japan Pagodas South America Step Pyramids Greece Acropolis. Parthenon Doric, Ionic and Corinthian styles. Rome Pantheon Colosseum Hagia Sophia Churches build cathedrals. Notre Dame Cathedral. Gothic style. Flying buttresses. Russia. Onion top style. France Kings built palaces. Versailles Palace Aristocrac built chateaus. England Buckingham Palace. Castles. United States Robber Barrons built mansions Breakers at Newport, RI. Corporations built skyscrapers. Nations build capitols. Levittown. Finally the ordinary working person gets an affordable house. wwwwwwwwww List of architectural styles or category. Some schools of architecture. Aesthetic and theoretical developments. Describe each style. Time or era of the styles height. Examples of architects of each style. Classical Classical architecture - proportional Organicism Organicism is a style of architecture that- building at one with nature, or inspired by nature Modernism Modernism is a style of architecture that- glass and steel Formalism Formalism is a style of architecture that - cube freaks Five architects Richard Meier: that dude that does white buildings Getty Art Museum in Los Angeles Gwathmey Siegal Eisenman Modernism Modernism is a style of architecture that Postmodernism Postmodernism is a style of architecture that occurs after Modernism and that rejects the principles of Modernism. Venturi High Tech High Tech is a style of architecture that Stirling Bauhaus Bauhaus is a style of architecture that International style International style is a style of architecture that Frank Gehry Bilbao Dancing building wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww GASTRONOMY Contents Philosophy of gastronomy Science of gastronomy Technology of gastronomy Art of gastronomy Business of food World cuisines Ingredients list. History of gastronomy wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Philosophy of gastronomy Four gastronomic values. Food that tastes good. Food that is good for you. Healthy for humans. Food that is environmentally friendly. Food that protects animal rights. Organic food. Vegetarianism and veganism. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Science of food. wwwwwwwwww Physics of food. Heat. Cooking. Cold. Refrigeration. Freezing. States of water. wwwwwwwwww Chemical reactions in cooking. Heat causes chemical bonds to break. Complex carbohydrates breakdown to simple sugars. Protein breakdown Fats breakdown. Chemistry of food. Artificial ingredients. Artificial flavors. Artificial colors. Foods that are poisonous if you eat too much. Mushrooms. wwwwwwwwww Biology of food. Human sense of smell. Smell terminology. Human sense of taste Taste terminology: Sweet, sour, bitter, salty. Roughly half of taste depends on smell. Things that interfere with senses of taste and smell. Human physiology of hunger and thirst. Cravings based on specific nutrient needs. Cravings based on psychological dependence. What is inedible? Indigestible. Tasteless. Poisonous. What is edible? Nutritious. Not nutritious. Junk food. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Technology of gastronomy (see also: technology, food) wwwwwwwwww Preparation. wwwwwwwwww Preservation Drying Canning Pickling Refrigeration. wwwwwwwwww Cooking Do not overcook Do not undercook Cooking Methods Raw Open fire. Roasting on a spit. Barbecue. Stove. Frying. Deep frying. Pan frying. Boiling. Steaming. Oven. Baking. Roasting. Broiling. Wok. Toasting. Solar cooking Microwave wwwwwwwwww Food packaging. Various types of food packaging and the year it hit the shelves. Dried foods. Air dried. Sun dried. 1800's. Canned foods 1930's? Frozen foods. Birdseye. 1940's? Aluminum foil. Cooking in aluminum foil. Disposable 1960's. Microwaveable packaging for food. Disposables. Paper plates. Paper cups. Plastic utensils. Paper napkins. Paper table cloths. Paper food. 1980's. Box juice 1990's. Tunafish pouches. Charge more for less tuna. 1950's. TV dinners Instant rice. Bottled beer. Bottle caps. Canned beer. Pull tabs. Push-in tabs that don't seperate from can. Instant rice. Salad bars. Pre-cooked. Prepared foods. No cooking required. Heat and serve. Individual portions. Example, sliced bread. Individually wrapped cheese slices. Ceramic containers. Glass containers. Glass bottles. Plastic containers. Plastic wrap. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww The art of cooking. Gastronomy is an art. wwwwwwwwww Famous restaurants. Four Seasons. Lutece. Famous chefs. Escoffier. Famous cookbooks. La Rousse. Joy of Cooking. Other foodies Julia Child Beard wwwwwwwwww Business of food Supermarkets Restaurants Cost of a dish. Time it takes to prepare a dish. Politics and law of food. FDA testing of new ingredients. Requiring labeling on processed foods. Inspection of restaurants. wwwwwwwwww Healthy eating What's healthy. Balanced diet. Varied diet. Vitamins. Vegetarianism Vegan Raw foods Whole foods. Natural foods. Organic foods. What's not healthy. Too much: Fat. Salt. Sugar. Red meat. Empty calories. Junk food. Refined foods. Processed foods. Unbalanced diet. Too much of one thing. Not enough of other things. wwwwwwwwww Environmentally sustainable foods. Limit pesticides. Limit fertilizers. Limit meat. Limit single-crop agriculture. Promote seed diversity. wwwwwwwwww Foods categorized by course. Appetizers Salads Cobb. Soups Bisques. Gazpacho. bouillabaisse. Entrees Deserts Baked. Cakes. Pies. Frozen deserts: ice cream, ices, frozen yogurt wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Essence of major cuisines around the world Staples, raw materials or ingredients Herbs and spices Methods of cooking wwwwwwwwww Chinese Wok Brown sauce, white sauce. wwwwwwwwww Japanese Fish. Rice. Shushi. Sashimi. Soy sauce. Miso soup. wwwwwwwwww South east asian Pad Thai. Peanuts. Coconut. Lemon grass. wwwwwwwwww Indian Curry, chutney Tandoori oven. Sizzling. wwwwwwwwww Jewish food. Matzo ball soup. Chicken soup. Kugel. Halavah. wwwwwwwwww Arab food. Palestinian food. Lebanese food. Falafel. Swarma (gyro). Babaganoush. Hummus. Lamb. Dates. Figs. Baklavah. wwwwwwwwww African. Moroccan. wwwwwwwwww American Pumpkin, apples, venison, corn, squash, wild rice. wwwwwwwwww Mexican Beans, corn, tomatoes, jalapenos Tacos. Burritos. wwwwwwwwww Carribean, Cuban, Puerto Rican. wwwwwwwwww South America Argentina: Beef. wwwwwwwwww Russian, Ukraine, Polish Pierogies. Vodka. wwwwwwwwww French Cream, butter, wine, shallots Sauces - hollandaise, bernaise, etc. Bouliabase. wwwwwwwwww Italian Pasta. Tomato sauce. Garlic. Basil. Oregano. wwwwwwwwww German Wursts. Apple strudel. Hasenpfeffer. wwwwwwwwww English Bean sandwhiches. Bangers and mash. wwwwwwwwww Australian. Vegemite. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Ingredients list wwwwwwwwww Spices Allspice, Basil, Bayleaf, Clove, Cinnamon, Curry, Coriander, Cumin, Paprika, Nutmeg, Mustard, Pepper, Tarragon, Turmeric, Rosemary, Thyme, Sage, wwwwwwwwww Herbs Mint, Parsely, Chives, Cilantro, Oregano, wwwwwwwwww Other flavors Chilis, Onions, Garlic, Ginger, Ginseng, Chili powder, Onion powder, Garlic powder Extracts. Vanilla extract. Almond extract. Fruit extracts. wwwwwwwwww Sugar Salt wwwwwwwwww Beverages Water Coffee Tea Wine Soda wwwwwwwwww Nuts Honey wwwwwwwwww Grains. Wheat. Rice. Corn. Oats. Rye. Breads Pastas Flours. wwwwwwwwww Veggies Spinach. Broccoli. wwwwwwwwww Tubers. Root vegetables. Potatoes. Carrots. wwwwwwwwww Legumes. Beans. Soy beans. Kidney beans. Peas. Peanuts. wwwwwwwwww Nuts. Almonds. Walnuts. wwwwwwwwww Fruits Apples. Oranges. Bananas. Grapes. Raisins. Plums. Prunes. Apricots. Jams and Jellies wwwwwwwwww Desserts Pies, Cakes. Cookies. Pastries. Danish. Donuts. Muffins. Candy. Chocolate. wwwwwwwwww Dairy. Milk. Butter. Yogurt. Cheese. Cottage cheese. Sour cream. wwwwwwwwww Eggs. wwwwwwwwww < I do not endorse killing animals for food.> Meat Mammals: Beef. Lamb. Horse. Dog. Cat. Marsupials: Possum. Rodents: Rat. Rabbit Birds. Poultry. Chicken. Turkey. Pigeon. Reptile. Alligator. Snake. Lizard. Amphibians Frogs. Fish Saltwater fish. Salmon. Freshwater fish. Trout. Shellfish. Lobster. Oyster. Clam. Crab. Insects. Worms. Crickets. < / I do not endorse killing animals for food.> Especially should not eat Primates. Dolphins and whales. Endangered species. wwwwwwwwww Processed foods. Pre-cooked. TV Dinners Snacks: Pretzels. Potato chips. Corn chips. Cheese puffs. Popcorn. Fast food: Burgers, fries, shakes. Hot dogs. Knish. Pizza. Falafel. Fast food - time criticality Ease to obtain Ease to prepare Food types. Fresh. Canned. Frozen. Dried. Stocks. Vegetable stock. Chicken stock. Fish stock. Beef stock. Sauces. French sauces: Bernaisse sauce. Hollandaise sauce. Chinese sauces: Brown sauce. White sauce. Italian sauce: Tomato sauce. Gravies. Brown gravy. Soup. What is the difference between stock and soup? Stews. Breakfast Lunch Sandwiches. Pitas. Tortillas. Dinner. wwwwwwwwww Wine Wine regions Burgundy region of France. Chablis and Beaujolais wines. Bordeaux region of France. (Burgundy and Bordeaux style wines can also be made in other countries.) Champagne describes a region and a style of white sparkling wine. Chateaus means vineyard. Wine grapes Cabernet Sauvignon Zinfandel Pinot Noir Pinot Grigio Merlot Chardonnay Riesling Shiraz Flavored wines: Vermouth and Sangria. Fortified wines: Port and Sherry Other wine products: Brandy and Cognac Wines by color: Red, white, rose. Terms Dry Sweet Complex Scent terms Taste terms Anthropomorphizing wine. Calling wines assertive, loquacious, moody, etc. wwwwwwwwww Liquors Vodka - potatoes Rum - cane sugar Tequila - cactus Whiskey Whiskey by region: US, Canadian, Irish and Scotch whiskeys. Straight vs. blended whiskeys. Corn - Bourbon whiskey Rye - Rye whiskey Barley - Scotch whiskey wwwwwwwwww Beer Beer types from dark to light. Stout Porter Ale Lager. Pilsner. Beer variables. Malt Hops. For flavor. Water. Soft or hard. Carbonation wwwwwwwwww Bread Iterations of flour with water, milk, egg, butter, sugar, etc. Flour and water. Flat bread. Flour, water and yeast. Raised bread. Flour and milk. Flour and egg. Flour, butter and milk. Biscuits? Flour, sugar, butter, milk and eggs. Cake. Flour, egg and milk. Pancakes. Flour, butter and water. Pie crust. Flour, milk and butter. Pastry dough. wwwwwwwwww Cereal Name of cereal. Manufacturer. Mascot. Slogan. Jingle. Year of introduction. Year extinct. Listed in order of lots of refined sugar to little refined sugar Higher percentage of refined sugar. King Vitamin. King. Captain Crunch. Sea Captain. Quisp Quake Frankenberry Count Chocula Fruity Pebbless Cocoa Pebbles Lucky Charms. Leprechaun. "Always after me Lucky Charms". General Mills. Honey Combs. Bear. CW Post. Super Sugar Crisp. CW Post. Cocoa Crispies Cookie Crisp. Cookie Jarvis. Freakies. Freaky creatures. Kaboom. Clown. Froot Loops. Toucan Sam. "Follow your nose". Kellogs. Apple Jacks. Kellogs. Cocoa Puffs. "Cuckoo for cocoa puffs". Trix. Rabbit. "Trix are for kids." Middle range refined sugar levels Life. Mikey. Chex. Raisin Bran Corn flakes. Rooster. Wheaties. Sports enthusiasts. Rice Crispies. Little Elves. Cheerios. General Mills. Frosted Flakes. Tony the Tiger. "They're Grrreat!" Kellogs. Corn Pops. Lower levels of refined sugar. Weetabix Shredded Wheat Puffed Rice wwwwwwwwww History of gastronomy Millions of years ago. Humans become omnivores. Eating not just fruit. Hundreds of thousands of years ago. Invention of fire and cooking Thousands of years ago. Farming. Domestication of plants and animals. Bread making. Grinding flour. Wine making. Preservation. Drying Salt. Cooling In water Use of ice Electric refrigeration. Exploration of globe. Migration of ingredients around the globe. Migration of cuisines around the globe French cuisine French grande cuisine. Development of sauces to enchance rather than mask food flavors. Marie Antoine Careme. L' Art de la vuisine au dix-neuvieme siecle" (1830's). Prosper Montagne. Larousse Gastronomique (1930's). Geogres Auguste Escoffier. Le Guide Culinaire (1920's). French nouvelle cuisine (1950's) 1970's The recognition of healthy eating. Natural food, as oppossed to artifical ingredients. Whole foods, as oppossed to processed. Organic foods, as oppossed to foods treated with pesticides and herbicides. Less red meat. More vegetables. 1970's The recognition of environmentally sustainable eating. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww FASHION Contents Technology, business, psych of fashion Business of fashion Notable designers, labels, looks. World fashion History of fashion wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Technology of clothes Natural materials Man made materials Industrial production of materials and clothes Computer aided production of materials Computer aided design and manufacture wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Business of fashion How much is spent by consumers on fashion each year. How big is the fashion industry in dollars, people, etc. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Utilitarian fashion. Firefighters clothing. Keeping warm in winter. Keeping cool in summer. wwwwwwwwwwwww Fashion for looks. Art of fashion. wwwwwwwwww Psychology of fashion New pair of clothes. How it makes the wearer feel. Expensive clothes. wwwwwwwwww Sociology of fashion New clothes. How it looks to others. Expensive clothes. How it looks to others. Fashion and gender roles. Women's clothing. Men's clothing. Cross dressers. Class and fashion. Semiotics of fashion. Fashion and communication. Uniforms. Police uniforms. Military uniforms. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Notable fashion designers Blass, Bill. American. Business styling. Channel, Coco. French. Dior, Christian. French. Johnson, Betsy. American. Rock and roll fashion. Karan, Donna. American. Working woman. Comfortable. Klein, Calvin. American. Classic styling. Lagerfeld, Karl. German. Lauren, Ralph. American. Polo. Yuppies. Sailing. Miller, Nicole. American. Versace. Italian. Wang, Vera. American. Wedding dresses. wwwwwwwwww Notable labels Couture labels. Designer labels. Retail labels: Gap. Guess. Diesel. Old Navy. wwwwwwwwww Notable looks Formal attire. Tuxedos. Business attire. Suits. Business casual. Khakis. Weekend casual. Athletic wear. Ex. Nike, Outdoor wear. Work clothes. Ex. Dickies, Carhart, Sorel, etc. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww World fashion Folk fashions Kimono - Japan Sarong - Bali Sari - India Parka - Eskimos Lawrence of Arabia look - Arab Fringe shirt, pants and moccasins - American Indian Grass skirt. Hawaiian. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww History of fashion First clothes. First synthetics.