OUTLINE by Paul Nervy Copyright (c) 2006 by Paul Nervy Visit www.paulnervy.com. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww GLOBALIZATION wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww CONTENTS What is globalization? Various definitions. The history of globaliztion. The global situation today. Causes and effects of global change. Pros and cons of globalization. Global problems and solutions wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Globalization. Definitions of the word "globalization". The world is becoming increasingly globalized. In the past there was less global activity than the present. The future will have more global activity than the present. The people of the world are becoming more aware of each other. The people of the world are becoming more interactive. The people of the world are becoming more interdependent. Time and space are collapsing, phenomenologically. Time is being sped up. The world is increasingly running 24x7. Things are moving faster. The pace of life is increasing. Space is shrinking. The world is smaller. One can travel farther. Farther and faster. What it globalization? Why is globalization happening (causes)? What are the good and bad aspects of globalization (ethics)? How to react to globalization (ethics)? wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Scope of globalization Globalization is about the whole world. The globe. The earth. The world. Globalization is not only about politics. There is a technological side of globalization. There is an economic side of globalization. There is a cultural side of globalization. Etcetera. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Descriptive and prescriptive globalization. There is the descriptive aspect of globalization. The descriptive aspect of globalization answers the question, "What is happening?". There is also the prescriptive aspect of globalization. The prescriptive aspect of globalization answers the question, "What should we do about it?". wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Causes or drivers of globalization. wwwwwwwwww Technology. Communication technology. World wide communication between people and communication of information is on the increase due to the following technologies, Internet. The Internet is a worldwide computer network. Automated web page translators. Telephone. Cellphones. Satellite phones are wireless and global. Print. Movies. Television. Transportation technology. World wide travel of people and transport of goods is on the increase due to the following technologies, Airplanes. Jet planes make traveling around the globe quick, easy and inexpensive. Ships. Cargo ships can transport goods cheaply around the world. Cars. More people are buying and driving cars. Travel. World tourism. Vacationers travel the world. There is more freedom to travel today. Immigration policies. Who to let in the country. Emmigration policies. Who to let out of the country. There is more freedom to emmigrate today. wwwwwwwwww Political globalization International geopolitics. Major powers are trying to extend their power by assuring their access to oil and water. China is gaining power. Foreign policy Bad. Isolationism. Bad. Imperialism. Expansionism. Good. Involved but respecting others equally. International law. International cooperation between nations. Regional political cooperation. NATO European union. SEA. South East Asia. OPEC. The United Nations. NGO's. Non-government organizations. NGO's are becoming increasingly important. Examples. Amnesty International. Doctors Without Borders. Nation states are losing power. Its becoming a borderless world. Groups are forming not so much based on physical location but based on other things like ideas and values. Bad things: Wars and terrorism. World wars. Global terrorism. wwwwwwwwww Economic globalization. Its a world market. Goods, services, labor and money are moving around the world. International trade. Imports and exports are increasing. Issues of free trade vs. protectionism. International business International finance. Currencies and stocks. International markets. Trading in foreign stock markets is increasing. Multinational corporations (MNCs). Also known as Transnational corporations (TNCs) Some MNC's have economies larger than many countries. Corporations are profit driven. Corporations act in their own self interest. Corporations often exploit labor and crush the unions. Corporations often pollute the environment. Foreign investment. Much of the assets in the United States are owned by the Saudis, the Japanese, and other countries. Outsourcing of jobs to China and India. Sweatshops moving to other countries. Regional economic cooperation. NAFTA OPEC European Union. The Euro currency unit. International brands: Coke, McD's, etc. Bretton Woods conference paves way for IMF. International Monetary Fund. World Bank. WTO. World Trade Organization. The poor countries in the southern hemisphere are in debt to the rich countries in the northern hemisphere. The poor countries in the southern hemisphere are exploited by the rich countries of the northern hemisphere. wwwwwwwwww Cultural globalization. Global mass media. Global television stations. People around the world can watch the same channels. More people have televisions. Increase in global literacy. Global language. World language. Many people are speaking the same language. A giant, worldwide polyglot is possible. Language extinction. Many languages are dying out because no one speaks them anymore. Music and pictures, beyond the language barrier. World music. World music is becoming increasingly popular. World film. Movie companies and film distributors now view the film market as a global market, not just a national market or regional market. World cuisines. Many people enjoy eating foods from other cultures. Inter-mixing of "races" to produce "mulatoes. The future is people looking more alike. Inter-mixing of cultures. Homogenization vs. heterogeneity. Homogenization is vanilla. Melting pot vs. Beautiful mosaic. The Melting pot view holds that the culture should be homogenous. The Beautiful mosaic view holds that the culture should be hetergenous, multi-cultural, celebrating diversity. A view similar to Melting pot is the view "Everythig that rises must converge" There is a global flow of ideas and values. There is a spreading of western ideas and values to the rest of the world. Good western values: democracy Bad western values: overconsumpiton There is a spread of ideas from the rest of the world to the west Good ideas: Bad ideas: Bad things Global censorship and propaganda Governments still rely on censorship and propaganda to remain in power. Cultural censorship and propaganda remain strong also, unfortunately. Global terror. Terrorism is going global. Global crime. Organized crime is going global. World war. World war, a single conflict of massive scale, is not a good thing. Example, World War I, World War II. And even a world filled with many small wars, is not a good thing. Global econimic monopolies and oligopolies. Global corpratism. If a single company or a small group of companies produce and distribute all the global goods and services, that is not a good thing. Global dictatorship, fascism, totalitarianism. wwwwwwwwww The Environment. The environment is a global issue. The population of humans is rising. The consumption patterns of humans is rising. Humans are having a larger, negative impact on the environment. Pollution of the air and seas travels around the globe. Plants and animals can be introduced into ecosystems where they wreak havoc. Examples Kudzu in southern USA. Rabbits and frogs in Australia. Fire ants and killer bees. Zebra mussels. wwwwwwwwww Homogenization and intolerance Ex. McDonaldization of world. Wal-Mart. Coca-Cola. vs. Diversification and tolerance. Ex. foreign music. Ex. foreign foods. Global economy. Jobs moving. Outsourcing to other countries. Workers moving. Migrant workers. B1 workers. Immigration. Money moving. Currency trading. Investment moving. Foreign investment. Corporations moving. Multi-national corporations. Goods moving. Foreign trade. Global markets. Global consumption. Global politics Global warfare. Two world wars. Global government. United Nations. Global law. International law. Global police. UN Peacekeeping forces. Global terrorism. Global crime. Global society and culture. Definition 1. Artifacts from any culture are available in any other culture. Example, Indian, Chinese and Mexican restaurants. Definition 2. Mixes or combonations of two different cultures. Example, Afro-cuban music. Blues-reggae music. World music. World language. World cuisines. Other countries influence the US. US is a cultural sponge. US will influence other countries. Spread of US culture abroad. A leveling of power. US not as dominant. Other countries catching up. wwwwwwwwww Development Technological development Human and animal power. Gas and electric power. Electronics, computers and robots. Economic development Hunter gatherer economies Agrarian economies. Industrial economies. Service economies. Informationn economies. x Feudalism Mercantalism Capitalism Communism Socialism Political development Family level Clan or Tribe level. State level. Nation level. Global level. Universe level. x Absolutism. Chief. Dictator. Monarchy. Totalitarianism. Democracy. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Timeline of globalism. BCE - Before Common Era. CE - Common Era. 1 million to 10,000 BCE. Migration of humans from Africa to all parts of the globe. 0 CE. Ancient Empire Builders. Alexander the Goon. Roman emporers. Vikings, Mongols, commit rape and genocide. 1200 CE. Silk roads: Trade routes across Asia. 1300 CE. Religious fanatics. Crusades. Jihads. More murder and rape. 1300's. Global diseases. The bubonic plague. 1400's. Science. People discover the earth is round. Global exploration. Discovery of North and South America. Discovery of water routes to the far east. 1400's. Genocide of the American Indians. Cortez the killer. Americans murder the Indians. 1500. Economic. Global trade.. 1500. Social. Global travel. 1600's. The slave trade. Bad. 1700's. Economics. Mercantalism. Exploitation of indigenous peoples. 1700's. Politics. Colonialism. Oppression of indigenous peoples. 1800. Political. Nation states. Wider in area than feudal kingdoms. 1900. Technological. Communication and Transportation technologies. Airplane, automobile, diesel ship. Telegraph, telephone, radio, television, computer, internet. 1950. Political. Independence of colonies. 1940. Political. Global warfare. WWI and WWII 1945 - 1990. Political. Cold war. 1950. Economic. Multi-national corporations. 1990. Political. Fall of communism. 1990. Political. European Union. 1990. Political. Terrorism. Small groups doing lots of damage. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Globalization. Sum up. Whether one is talking about the level of individuals and groups in a neighborhood or community or whether one is talking about the level of nations and multi-national corporations acting around the globe, several concepts hold: Its about power. The abuse of power must be stopped. Some people cover up the abuse of power because if the public saw the abuse of power they would object. Some people use secrecy to hide the abuse of power. Some people use propaganda and censorship to hide the abuse of power. Some people use terror, intimidation and coercion to keep silent those who are exploited and oppressed. Its about money as a source of power. Some people act in their own self interests, trampling the rights of others. Some people act altruistically, and are the good people The good side of globalism. The promise of globalism. Global Truth and Justice. Justice being a mix of equality and liberty. Global access to information. Environmentally sustainable living. Fair trade. Global economics that is just. Global unions. Global government and politics that is just. Global laws that are just. The bad side of globalism. The problems of globalism. The problems of globalism are the problems of smaller societies writ large. Environmental destruction. Corpratism. Monopolies and oligopolies. Too much corporate power. Crime. Organized crime. Terrorism. Global terrorism. War. Global war. Political oppression. Fascism. Dictatorship. Totalitarianism. Fundamentalism. Relgious fanaticism. Economic exploitation. Poverty. Especially due to exploitation of workers by the rich and powerful. Oppression of women. Spread of disease. SARs. Plague. AIDS. Political imperialism. Exploitation and oppression. The rich and powerful exploiting and oppressing the poor and disempowerd. There are pro-globalists and anti-globalists of various types. Pro-globalists. MNC exploiters (bad) Tolerance and multiculturalism (good). Anti-globalists. Anti-monopolists (good). Isolationists and segregationists (bad). Fundamentalists and fascists. The question is whose version of globalism will hold sway. Conservative views favor private property, deregulation, privitization, completely free markets. Examples. Liberal view favor the environment, women's rights, labor, the poor, equal rights, human rights, third world debt relief. Examples of liberal groups include the Green party and the Zapatistas in Mexico. Global exploitation and oppression is bad. Global truth and justice is good. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Subject areas to consider worldwide Social: Political: Economic: Science and tech: Arts: World sum up How many people in world still living under political oppression? How many people in world still living in poverty? How many people in world still illiterate and (willfully) ignorant? How many people in world still facing disease and illness? wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Global problems list wwwwwwwwww Make a list of Problem description. Cause of problem. Symptoms of problem. Where is the problem worst in the world. How big and how bad is the problem Solutions to problem. wwwwwwwwww Environment Loss of biodiversity. Extinction of flora and fauna. Loss of habitat. Loss of rainforests. Logging. Global warming. Pollution Resource depletion. Air Ozone loss. Earth Loss of topsoil. Landfills. Garbage. Water. Oceans, rivers and lakes. Seepage of manmade chemicals into the environment. Farming Plants Pesticides. Insectcides. (Bug spray) Herbicides. (Weed killer). Animals Hormones. Antibiotics. Industrial chemicals. Petrochemicals. wwwwwwwwww Labor. Child labor. Low wages. Long hours. Action by governments and corporations against union building Women not getting equal pay. Solutions Unions. Worker safety laws. Minimum wage laws. Maximum hour laws. Overtime pay laws. wwwwwwwwww Crime. Organized crime. Gang violence. Drug traffic. Solutions. wwwwwwwwww Political problems. Dictatorships. Military dictatorships Theocracy. Lack of vote. Lack of free press. Lack of human rights. Lack of basic freedoms. Lack of basic equalities. Equal under the law. Lack of rule of law. Solutions Democracy. Vote for all. Rule of law. Transparency in the political process. Grassroots activism. wwwwwwwwww Media Problems Government censorship of free press. Corporations having undue influence on media. Solutions Public supported, non-commercial media. Open Content Freedom of speech wwwwwwwwww Economics. Third world debt. Creditor nations extorting debtor nations. Unemployment. Inflation. Rich and poor Gap between rich and poor so large. The rich are very rich and the poor are very poor, with declining middle class. Number of poor so many and number of rich so few. Overconsumption. People buy too much stuff. Corporations wwwwwwwwww Religion Religious extremism and fanaticism. Religious intolerance. Lack of religious freedom. wwwwwwwwww Culture Cultural imperialsim. Intolerance. wwwwwwwwww Health. Diseases of the poor. Malnutrition Lack of clean water. Diseases of the rich. Smoking Psychological health. wwwwwwwwww Ethnic and racial issues. I prefer using the word "ethnic" to "racial" Ethnic inequality. Slavery. When certain ethnic groups are treated as second class citizens. Ethnic strife. Bigotry Prejudice Discrimination wwwwwwwwww Literacy. Education. Knowledge. Information. Lack of ability to read and write. Lack of ability to afford schooling. Lack of public schools. Lack of access to information. Solutions Public schools. Solar powered battery chargers. Battery powered transistor radios. Public radio stations broadcasting useful information. Battery powered computers. Public Internet access. Access to information. Public libraries. wwwwwwwwww Wars Killing civilians. Landmines Nuclear weapons Chemical weapons Biological weapons. Terrorism Killing civilians. Solutions Peace Conflict resolution techniques. wwwwwwwwww Crime Killing civilians. wwwwwwwwww Disempowered and Minorities Women kept down. Children kept down. Aged kept down. wwwwwwwwww Sex Sex crimes (rape). Lack of sexual freedom in society. Laws against homosexuality. Hate crimes. Forced prostitution wwwwwwwwww Corporations. Corporations run amok. Corporations have too much power. Influence of corporations on government. Lobbying. Campaign contributions. Lack of corporate accountability. Corporate fraud. wwwwwwwwww Technology Lack of sustainable technologies. Lack of social justice techniques. Solutions Develop sustainable technologies. Power Wind power. Solar power. Water power. Communication Transportation Walking. Sidewalks. Communities with resources within walking distance. Bicycles. Bike paths. Communities with resources within biking distance. Shelter Tents. Public showers. Public bathrooms. Public spaces. Information and media. Biodegradeable, low cost computers. Food Organic food. Clothing Organic clothing. Develop social justice techniques. Documentation of human rights abuses. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Critique of worldwide systems. Critique of military systems. The military should not be above the law of the general public. Allow women in the military. Allow gays in the military. No violence against women and gays in the military. No torture. Follow the Geneva convention. Critique of educational systems. Drop outs. School violence. School bullying. Low grades. Critique of business systems. Corporations are too rich and powerful. Corporate fraud. Corporations need to pay more taxes. Critique of political systems. Critique of legal systems. Its a problem when the innocent are convicted. Its a problem when the guilty go free. Critique of police systems. Critique of prison systems. Stop inmate - inmate violence. Stop guard - inmate violence. Critique of the medical systems. Provide basic health care for all. Medical insurance is too costly. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww The World. If you are going to be a world citizen then it is your duty to have some knowledge of the world. The goal is social justice and environmental sustainability throughout the entire world. The means are non-violent, grass roots actions. Below are listed countries, approximate population figures, average quality of life, and discussion of achievements and opportunities, as well as past and present problems and tragedies. The goal is to understand everything that is going on in the entire world, that is, all perspectives, not only the political perspective. The goal is to understand the most important issues in the world. wwwwwwwwww Are the countries with the largest populations most important? Countries with largest populations China India Are the countries with worst conditions most important because they have a priority need for remedy? Countries with worst conditions. Worst quality of life. Most problems (see list of problems) Are countries with best conditions most important because they serve as an example to the rest of the world? Countries with best conditions. Most environmental and social justice. Not necessarily the richest countries. wwwwwwwwww Problems Political problems. Dictatorship. Totalitarianism. Political assasinations. Violent coup de tat. War. Civil war. Terrorism. Crime. Corruption. Economic problems. Poverty. Unemployment. Inflation. Corpratism. Corporations have too much power. Large gap between a few rich and many poor. Environment problems. Pollution. Habitat destruction. Health problems. Disease, Illness. Unclean water supply. Lack of fresh water. Education problems. Illiteracy. wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww When new countries are formed. By splitting. By merging. By changing names. Antarctica is the fifth largest continent. Who will get its resources? Can the world share Antarctica? wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Global history or world history (see history database) wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Global Studies Problems Economics - poverty Politics - war, violence Technology Sociology - education Health - illnesses Europe North America South America Africa Middle East Aisa Russia 1st World - defined by money, technology, political freedom, education, health. 1 billion people 3rd World - defined by money, technology, political freedom, education, health. 5 billion people wwwwwwwwww Health Problems of first world: obesity, heart disease, stroke, smoking related cancer, alcohol, drugs. Problems of third world: clean water, sanitation, malaria, malnutrition, AIDS. Solutions: education for prevention. wwwwwwwwww Politics. Regional blocs Democracy vs. communism How many communist states are there? (Cuba, North Korea). Democracy vs. dictatorship. How many dictatorships are there? National Republicans vs. Democrats - shifting definitions of. Local More globalization to sort. Global and Regional issues, concerns, trends. Global Greater peril and greater promise. Technology gives us more power to do good or to mess up. Humans are rising in number and impacting the globe more than ever. Global indicators and measurements Political Economic Technological Health Environment Information and Education Hemispheres Northern hemisphere Southern hemisphere. Eastern hemisphere. Western hemispher. Continents North America South America Europe Africa Asia Australia Antarctica Africa HIV and Aids. 30 million cases. Some areas have a 30% adult rate. Famine. Civil war. Religious wars between muslims and non-muslims in North Africa. Poverty. Exploitation by first world nations. Corruption in governments. Tremendous natural resources, often exploited by first world contries. Is an African Union possible, similar to the European Union? North America. Oil dependent. Obese. Over consumption. Racism. Slavery. Segragation. Genocide of Indians. Europe. Fall of communism in eastern Europe 1989-1992. Ethnic conflicts in Eastern Europe. Balkans war. Europen Union 1992. Latin America. Drugs. Crime. Disparity between rich and poor. Oceania Indigenous aborigines and maoiri suffering. ANZUS treaty between Australia, New Zealand and US. Asia. Middle East.